The main theses, on the basis of which the school was designed: open universal spaces, no corridors, rich recreation, completely safe territory, travel safety, friendliness to children with disabilities, comfortable lighting for left-handers and right-handers, energy saving and maximum use of the school territory for the entire academic year.
Noise comfort is achieved thanks to modern acoustic ceiling and wall panels.
The underground passage turns into a stage-oriented landscape school line area.
Why occupy the entire area of the school building?
In our climate zone, most of the school site is unused for most of the year. We expanded the outer boundaries of the school building as much as possible (leaving only the fire detour), including the entire adjacent territory in the outline of the building. Thus, the resulting open courtyard spaces are “interior extensions”. In addition, this made it possible to completely isolate them from the street, making them as safe as possible.
(the calculation is made on the basis of MGSN 1.01-99 Norms and rules for design and development)
Where is the entrance to the school building and where to hold the school lines?
Under the school building there is a covered passage from the checkpoint leading to the courtyard. Here, in the yard, the school lines are arranged. There are also outdoor sports grounds, a stage for performances and ceremonial speeches. The courtyard is partially recessed by almost 3 meters, so it became possible to organize stands and terraces for easy viewing of performances. The entrance to the school is from the courtyard.
Why make a one-story school?
1. First and foremost, we wanted to make a large open space without corridors with continuous recreation. Safe, viewed, in which it would be interesting to run, walk, play, study. In such wide recreations it is possible to arrange entire complexes for games: developing playgrounds, sandboxes, benches, lanterns, landscape objects, places for performances and exhibitions. And thanks to the openness of the spaces, easy control over the safety of children is possible.
2. The school of the future must be friendly to children with different physical abilities. Children with disabilities and ordinary children must interact to develop a culture of communication. For people with disabilities, this is the only way to painlessly enter society. Our school meets these goals and is fully suitable for teaching such children. The minimum, in comparison with an ordinary school, level differences, with very smooth ramps, are used by all students. There are no stairs at all inside the school building. Disabled people do not feel hurt, and fidgets do not stumble or get injured on the steps.
3. Ease and safety during evacuation (evacuation is calculated according to SNiP 21-01-97 Fire safety of buildings and structures).
4. This allowed us to use a conventional construction system similar to industrial hangars. Column foundations only under the column grid with a 19,200 pitch. Decking on the roof is one of the cheapest roofing materials. Industrial self-leveling floors are safe to play and easy to use.
5. The resulting planning scheme allows, on the basis of one principle, to design schools with any number of students in areas of any size and shape.
Why bury the classrooms 2 meters deep?
Classes are completely open, that is, they have no partitions. There is no sense of a closed box. At the same time, students are not distracted and fully focused on the subject. And the recreational space between classes is completely free of partitions.
Why not just wall the classrooms with glass and deepen them?
If fenced off with glass, students will see the adjacent classrooms.
If you enclose it with an opaque material, then such a recreational open space will no longer work. And space free from partitions is an undoubted priority.
The classrooms are open, therefore, they do not have walls to ceiling, how is the problem of sound insulation solved?
Almost all surfaces are made of acoustic panels. Sound simply won't spread in and out of the classroom (information calculated based on acoustic computations). Since all students are in classrooms, there are no sources of noise left in the recreation. Some of the classes that require increased sound insulation measures (music classes, labor classes, workshops), as well as with a separate ventilation system (laboratories), still have perimeter translucent partitions up to the ceiling.
How are classes highlighted?
Through a system of skylights in the roof. Strictly speaking, these are not ordinary lanterns. They work on the principle of light guides with light guides. And none of the premises of the school needs additional electric lighting throughout the day. This saves energy.
Does this contradict the norms for lighting classes through windows on the left side?
These norms, according to research by medical professionals, are not universal. They work for right-handers, but don't work for left-handed students. The diffuse lighting scheme adopted in the project through the skylights, according to the recommendations of specialized specialists, is best suited for the educational process (lighting standards are developed on the basis of STU).
Are the rest of the rooms recessed too?
Administrative offices, bathrooms, library, dining room and others are located at ground level. Some of them are fenced with transparent partitions, some are opaque. Exceptions, apart from classrooms, are only:
- assembly hall (recessed to increase the height of the ceilings and ease of use at the stage level -0.900)
- sports hall (recessed to increase the height of the ceilings and the arrangement of dressing rooms by -3.500).
How is the separation of primary and secondary school going?
Zonal. Junior school - on the one hand; high school - on the other; in the center - premises and common areas.
Will the ball fly out of the field during the game in the central courtyard and damage the glass and people?
No, it won't fly out. The spatial enclosing rope net is stretched.